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HMS Cambridge firing a torpedo

History
United Kingdom
Name: HMS Windsor Castle
Ordered:
Builder: Pembroke Dockyard
Launched:
  • Built as HMS Victoria
  • Renamed HMS in 1869
Fate:
General characteristics As designed
Class and type: 110-gun first-rate ship of the line
Tons burthen:
Length: 204 ft (62 m)
Beam: 60 ft (18 m)
Depth of hold: 23 ft 9 in (7.24 m)
Propulsion: Sail
Sail plan:
Speed: 11kts (under steam)
Complement: 950
Armament:
  • 102 guns:
  • Upper deck: 32 x 32pdr guns
  • Quarter deck: 10 x short 32pdr gunnades
  • Forecastle: 2 x short 32pdr gunnades + 2 x 68pdr carronades
  • 4 × 18pdr carronades
General characteristics As completed
102-gun first-rate ship of the line
Displacement: 4, 971 tons
  • Sail
  • 2-cyl. (64½in diam., 40in stroke) horizontal single expansion, trunk
  • Single screw
  • 500 nhp
  • 2, 052 ihp
930
  • Lower deck: 30 x 8in guns
  • Main deck: 30 x 32pdr guns
  • Upper deck: 30 x 32pdr guns
  • Quarter deck/Forecastle: 10 x 32pdrs + 2 x 68pdrs
General characteristics After 1862
97-gun ship of the line
  • 97 guns:
  • 1 × 110pdr (on pivot)
  • 30 × 8in guns
  • 4 × 70pdrs
  • 6 × 40pdrs
  • 56 × 32pdrs

HMS Windsor Castle was a triple-decker, 102-gun first-rate Royal Navy ship of the line. She was renamed HMS Cambridge in 1869, when she replaced a ship of the same name as gunnery ship off Plymouth.

Early life[edit]

She was laid down at Pembroke Dockyard as HMS Victoria in 1844, to the design of HMS Queen. She was intended to carry 110 guns, but work was suspended. She was reordered on 29 June 1848 to a modified design, and reordered again on 28 February 1857 when she was ordered to be converted from sail to steam propulsion whilst on the stocks and to be fitted with 120 guns. She was renamed Windsor Castle on 6 January 1855 and launched on 26 August 1858, having since been reduced to carry 116 guns, and then 102 guns. She cost a total of £117, 030, £84, 555 spent on her hull as a sailing vessel, her conversion had cost another £14, 878. 204 feet long, and of 4971 tons displacement, she had a crew of 930, but almost immediately entered the first-class steam reserve - The Times reported on 13 September 1860 reported her as among the "ships and gunboats in the first-class steam reserve which could be got ready for the pennant at a short notice". By 1862 she had been reduced to 97 guns.

Gunnery school[edit]

She was renamed HMS Cambridge in 1869, when she replaced a ship of the same name as gunnery ship off Plymouth. She was later joined by HMS Calcutta as her tender, with a wooden bridge between the bow of HMS Cambridge and the stern of the Calcutta. Other of her tenders included HMS Gorgon, Plucky and Sabrina (around 1877) and HMS Bonetta, Bulldog, Cuckoo, Hecate, Plucky, Sabrina, Snap (around 1890), and Undaunted (from 1901). In 1890, some of her officers were listed as bound for Foudroyant and, when Rear-Admiral Assheton Curzon-Howe hoisted his flag on board as second in command of the Channel Squadron.

Fate[edit]

She was towed on 30 October 1907 to No. 5 Basin of the Royal Dockyard to enable the gunnery school to move ashore into the Naval Barracks, paid off on November 4 that year and sold to Cox on 24 June 1908 for breaking up at Falmouth.

Captains[edit]

  • August 1896 - 1900 : Captain Robert William Craigie
  • August 1900 - August 1903 : Captain Charles Ramsay Arbuthnot

References[edit]

  1. "Naval & Military intelligence" The Times (London). Friday, 6 June 1902. (36787), p. 11.
  2. "Naval & Military intelligence" The Times (London). Thursday, 1 February 1900. (36054), p. 6.
  3. "Naval & Military intelligence" The Times (London). Friday, 26 April 1901. (36439), p. 10.
Source: en.wikipedia.org
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