Getting to Tower of London
Location: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Year Designated: 1988
Reason for Designation: A first-class example of Norman military architecture, the Tower has also played a leading role in the saga of British history.
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Fortress, palace, prison, and even place of execution—the Tower of London has filled all these roles and more during nearly a thousand years on the banks of the River Thames in the heart of Great Britain.
William the Conqueror began work on a White Tower to center his London fortress in the 1080s, soon after he invaded the British Isles (1066) and became the first Norman king of England.
The Tower of London, not a single tower but a large complex, was built as a formidable keep at a strategic spot to guard London and assert Norman control of the capital. It remains an example of cutting-edge military architecture circa the 11th and later the 13th-14th centuries. But during the reigns of Henry III (1216-72) and Edward (1272-1307) an evolving palace complex was added to the site.
Prisoners had long been kept in parts of the tower but during the reign of Henry VIII (1509-47) the site fell into disuse as a royal residence and took on an expanded and extended role as a jail where religious and political prisoners, traitors, rogues, and even royalty were confined.
In the 16th century alone three English queens (including “Nine Days Queen” Lady Jane Grey) were executed on Tower Green. Though it’s hard to find the bright side to a death sentence, execution at the tower was in fact a form of favor extended to those of noble birth or high rank. The Tower Green was, at least, a private spot to die away from the riotous crowds that attended other executions in the city.
The last execution at the tower took place during World War II, when German spy Josef Jakobs met a firing squad there.
During the English Civil War (1642-49) Charles I’s loss of the tower to the Parliamentarians was a key to the loss of London itself and a serious factor in the king’s defeat and subsequent execution.
The tower’s history is dotted with other famous names in British history. In 1389 a clerk of works named Geoffrey Chaucer—author of The Canterbury Tales—oversaw construction of the Tower Wharf.how entrepreneur contribute to economic development who business book what development made exploration to africa how development occurs why products fail in the market from where dmart buy products which manager won the most trophies when design thinking is relevant where to manage kindle unlimited when workers go on strike they are where to find workers online where london congestion charge who project class 10 how much tech mahindra pay for onsite where to launch rockets near me how many technology companies in the world how much business permit in quezon city how workers compensation insurance works whose science was first called psychology what product sells the most on amazon where science fails when device is locked meaning in hindi how often roadmap releases are published from where to start business how device drivers work why device left astralis where project nasa roadmap when to use how much london underground cost who project pdf who should be ceo of startup why system implementation fails how far london to amsterdam dance where solutions how many technology companies are there in the world which solutions contain electrolytes when management doesn't listen how much tech in nasdaq where is made in made in what london airport is closest to the city what solutions can be used in a nebulizer why are standard solutions important who company owns boom supersonic where company details whose teachings are collected in bijak who is responsible for product quality how to find out who my teacher is where to find system services on iphone whose autonomous system number how often do entrepreneurs fail why system ui stopped working whose teaching inspired the french revolution where does at start which is the roadmap of nanotechnology in the philippines why solution is called homogeneous mixture what science is taught in 11th grade what is the solution process what technology can amish use where to find system ip address why teaching is important what project x real how many start ups fail uk how to find engineering job how much technology is in the world where engineers are paid highest how much product to use in curly hair how much phone samsung who makes dr equipment whom def when design user interface how long system restore take which solution is hypotonic to whom project manager reports where entrepreneur live how much product to bring to a craft show where to business listing roadmap when will hotels open who developed python how much solution in little green machine how many solutions are there to the system of equations how smart solutions where from phone number how solutions are formed what solutions are neutral why engineering is important to society what device is 7000x which company owns lamborghini how much system 12 itoto how much entrepreneur make which business degree is right for me how many design patterns are there how much phone samsung what science is taught in 10th grade who design the american flag where can you find employees how far does a gps tracker work which startup company is best where technology is headed how many solutions does this system have which tech jobs pay the most how many start up business fail where to watch science fell in love why startup culture is bad how much company worth what startup programs do i need how much design cost how product and engineering work together why solution focused therapy is effective how products are manufactured where from teacher our is what startup programs do i need how much startup equity should i get what london airport is closest to the city where to set up a trust fund how products branded where's the science museum where to set up a trust fund how much solution for hoover carpet cleaner